With the advances in medical science, perinatal hiv-1 transmission rates in the united states have decreased strikingly due to an amalgamation of suitable measures taken encompassing improved voluntary counseling and hiv-1 testing (vct) for pregnant women, prevalent use of antiretroviral prophylaxis or combination of antiretroviral therapy, avoidance of breastfeeding, and elective cesarean delivery (shetty, 2005). Advertisements: essay on hiv/aids: signs, symptoms and prevention human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (hiv/aids) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). Questions and answers about hiv/aids could be passed from mother to child during pregnancy or person had hiv the health department began offering hiv testing. Hiv can also pass from infected mothers to their babies during pregnancy, delivery or breast feeding hiv does not spread through tears, sweat, urine, faces or saliva during normal kissing it does not spread by sharing utensils, towels, clothing, and toilet seats or insects bite like that of mosquito or bed bug. Testing for hiv for newborn infant health essay testing for hiv for newborn infants mandatory testing will also allow all pregnant women, .
Some facts and myths about hiv/aids: i hiv cannot get transmitted by casual contact such as touching, holding hands, shaking hands, working or playing together, sharing food vessels, and clothes, eating food cooked by an infected person, mosquito and other insect bites, swimming pools and toilets. An individual can become hiv positive by having sexual intercourse with an infected partner, injecting drugs using a needle that has been used by an hiv positive person, or a newborn can catch the virus form the mother during pregnancy, the birthing process, or through breastfeeding (document 1). Abstract recent global advances in available technology to prevent mother-to-child hiv transmission necessitate a rethinking of contemporary and previous ethical debates on hiv testing as a means to preventing vertical transmission. Hiv testing in pregnant women hiv is a human immune deficiency virus that is primarily transmitted through sexual intercoursehiv is the virus that causes aids this virus is passed from one person to another through blood and sexual contact.
In nigeria, hiv testing and counselling of pregnant women is central to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission but this hiv testing among sex workers has increased but still remains low with 42% receiving hiv test and the results within the last 1 year in 2011. An instant guide to hiv & aids in , meaning that women infected with hiv during pregnancy offering counselling and testing to all pregnant women in . Among those women who are hiv positive, 31% of them were diagnosed in the later stages of hiv, resulting in an aids diagnosis within one year women who are hiv positive have the possibility of transmitting the virus to their child during labor or post labor, during breast feeding. Given the safety data and experience with tenofovir and emtricitabine among pregnant women living with hiv, we believe prep should be offered in pregnancy and that guidelines should reflect this option as an additional strategy to reduce risks during pregnancy and to further reduce infant hiv transmission risk.
Free essay on hiv and aids available totally free at echeatcom, mandatory hiv testing for pregnant women transmission of this disease (chow, 2005, p 38). Aids is the advanced stage of hiv infection there have always been aids activists who fight against testing to protect the mother william cusick, assistant clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at columbia university in new york, said mandatory testing uncovered seven pregnant women who were apparently unaware they had hiv. - table of contents s no topic page no 1 introduction 3 2 mandatory hiv testing among pregnant women 4 3 pros of mandatory hiv testing for pregnant women 5-6 4 arguments against mandatory testing for pregnant women 7 5 arguments against mandatory premarital hiv testing 8-9 6 proponents of mandatory premarital hiv testing 10 7 conclusions 10-11 8 recommendations 12 9.
[tags: hiv, aids] powerful essays 1670 pregnant women 4 3 pros of mandatory hiv testing for pregnant women 5-6 4 arguments against mandatory . Objective: the main objective of this paper is to discuss and debate the pros and cons of mandatory testing among pregnant women and proposed mandatory premarital hiv testing in some countries a growing number of religious communities and national and local governments have adopted mandatory premarital hiv testing (pht) policies . The clinical trials are accessible to teens and children with hiv infection during the clinical trial, drug and drug combinations are tested to fight the virus the unit, wherein storch was the director, also studied how to “reduce the transmission of hiv from infected pregnant women to their babies” (ward, 2002). Perinatal hiv transmission, also known as mother-to-child transmission, can happen at any time during pregnancy, labor, delivery, and breastfeeding cdc recommends that all women who are pregnant or planning to get pregnant take an hiv test as early as possible before and during every pregnancy. Hiv can spread through the transfusion of blood which is infected hiv can spread through sharing of infected needles which have been exposed to infected blood hiv can spread through the exchange of all bodily fluids such as sex hiv can spread from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy and/or birth.
Webmd explains hiv testing why should pregnant women be tested for hiv it can take many years for people with hiv to develop aids a negative test result . Cas position the canadian aids society determined its position on mandatory hiv testing of pregnant women december 1998 in keeping with the canadian aids society's established position that hiv testing only take place with the specific informed consent of the individual being tested, the cas board writes, the board believes that hiv testing . Documented barriers to women beginning and continuing hiv treatment include a lack of knowledge about the benefits of art psychological factors such as shock, denial and fear of treatment or side effects financial constraints hiv and aids-related stigma apprehension about hiv-status disclosure and lack of social support from partners and family. Hiv/acquired immune deficiency syndrome hiv positive women still refuse mandatory hiv testing during pregnancy let us find you essays on topic hiv testing for .
Hiv/aids stigma is a common thread in the narratives of pregnant women affected by hiv/aids globally and may be associated with refusal of hiv testing we conducted a cross-sectional study of women attending antenatal clinics in kenya (n = 1525). Why should i have an hiv test during pregnancy if you have hiv and are not treated, there is a 1 in 4 risk that your baby will have hiv if you are treated, the risk drops to about 1 in 100 most babies born to hiv-positive mothers will not get hiv if mothers are treated during pregnancy and delivery, and if babies are treated in the first few weeks after birth. Hiv testing among pregnant women reported having received an hiv test during pregnancy increased from 69% of 758 phd, div of hiv/aids .